A Congratulatory Address to Nampak Trained Graduates
Address by Dr Reuel J. Khoza (Chairman of Nedbank Group Limited, Aka Capital and author of several books including Let Africa Lead and Attuned Leadership) to “Nedbank Group Technology Leaders” I 25 November 2016
Twenty First Century Business Challenges
CFor any business corporation to succeed in the twenty first century, it is imperative, inter alia, have sound appreciation of the following macro-economic facts:
- Globalization: The World is a Neighbourhood
- Demand for Greater Competitiveness, Competence and Efficiency
- Death of Simple Dominance and the imperative to push the competitive envelope
- Necessity of Highly Skilled Labor & Attuned Management
- Learning and Training a Constant for Survival & Prosperity
With a clear understanding of the above contemporary business challenges it behoves you to locate Nampak Nationally, Regionally, Continentally and Internationally. To ensure its survival and prosperity.
Corporate self-determination and self-reliance are cardinal.
Contemporary business challenges facing Nampak:
Being a South African corporation and globally competitive
The challenge that all Africans face is the challenge of being competitive in today’s global arena. For centuries, our rich and fertile continent has been systematically plundered and the colonial powers grew rich on the resources they took from Africa, all the while ensuring that we, its people, were disempowered in a brutal fashion, and were unable to pose a threat to their economic dominance.
Now at the beginning of the third decade of the 21st century, we are finally in a position to face the challenge of competing with those countries. As Africans, we must not underestimate the sheer size of this challenge. All of us are impatient to see success. We want to see the fruits of our labours. We want to see an end to the long wait we have endured and although we are in a hurry, we must never lose sight of the fact that the magnitude of this plan is immense. The restoring of Africa to its rightful place among the nations is a long-term programme that will inevitably span more than one generation.
History has taught us that empires come and go. At one time Italy, a small country, had conquered the world, as it was thought to be at the time. It commanded a huge empire, one of many that have exercised huge influence, and then declined. So let no one say that Africa, whose people are filled with energy and determination, cannot rise. Africa will rise, and this will be the century of our ascendancy. In due course Africans will be leaders in the international community. We have chosen this path of advancement and improvement, knowing well that much will be demanded of us before we succeed. In order to face and meet this challenge, there are several requirements that we must fulfil. At a personal level, we must all cultivate an appropriate attitude of commitment to the vision. Whatever we do, we must do it with energy, focus and commitment. Our attitude must be one of excellence, always striving for the best. Study to improve yourself.
Enhance your productive skills. Enhance your value to your organisation and your country by becoming multi-skilled. Apply yourself with vigour. When we all do this, the net result will be a country that is dynamic, productive and successful.
1. Cohesive thrust
The next level of our attitude to the challenge must be national and, as a nation; we must be committed to act in ways that will lead to international competitiveness. Do not engage in acts that are critical or destructive of our national programmes; critically support your country and its leadership. Allow our efforts to get into a cohesive thrust of economic growth. We must grow into a knowledge economy whose pervasiveness should defy boundaries. Our own organisation, Nampak, is an excellent example of co-operative effort. Without a common vision of and commitment to the cause of high productivity, with everyone pulling in the same direction, there will be no continental success.
Thirdly, we must be aware of a regional challenge. There are countries in Southern Africa that regard themselves as being regionally affiliated to us. Success or failure in any of these neighbouring countries has an impact on the others, and on the whole region. We cannot distance ourselves from events in our region; we must be involved in finding solutions, and in creating stability and growth. This attitude must ultimately extend to the whole continent. If Africa is to rise and overcome, every African must extend a hand of support to every other African. This is critical. At international level, we must select our allies carefully. We must find those who have the welfare of Africa at heart and who recognise our deep-felt need to drive the reformation process and determine its outcome. We must recruit to our cause those who see that Africans must have the overriding say in the future of Africa. We must define, or at least co-define, our destiny. It is too important to leave in the hands of disaffected strangers. There are various institutional forms or pillars that must be in place to underpin the competitiveness of Africa. One of these is the form of government. At present, forms of government are largely parliamentary. Parliament, not the constitution, is sovereign. This, in effect, is the rule of man rather than the rule of law. We must become united in our desire to see Africa grow strong and wealthy, based on the inalienable rights of the individual.
And then, there is another regrettable phenomenon that must be changed: Africa suffers from a victim mentality, a profound sense that we lack efficacy. We feel that we are victimised by events, by others and by circumstances beyond our control. We are victims of nature and the environment around us. We prostrate ourselves before climatic conditions, drought, flood and whatever else nature throws at us. We are unable even to mitigate the consequences of these natural disasters.
This must change. We must become masters of our own destinies; we must see the problem in ourselves, accept it, understand it and rid ourselves of it. Above all, we must find the resolute will to do something about it. We must invest in education, and in conflict resolution. We must work on our ethics and morality; our self-image and our vision.
As a continent with virtually no developmental history, we have a tremendous advantage. We arrive at this point in time with no technological baggage; no “heritage systems” representing major investments that we must first discard before we can embark on our future. We are brilliantly positioned to leapfrog the digital divide into the 21st century without burdens to hamper us. A myriad African initiatives are beginning, many of which will come to fruition as we give them our wholehearted, unconditional support. And there is a singular opportunity waiting for us, as we move out across Africa. This is to play the role of integrators, people who promote synergies between different programmes. We must make the streams flow together, to make the projects gel.
3. Work together
As far back as 1957, Kwame Nkrumah said that as Africans, we must learn sustainability. We start things but don’t sustain them. We need the wise and insightful programmes, but we also need the stamina to keep them going. Long before Nkrumah, many centuries ago, Plato said that excellence is not an event; it is a habit. Let us acquire this habit and make it a part of us, for the glorious future of Africa.
4. Africa has a date with destiny
At various points in history, various civilisations have stood at the forefront of perceived relative development in terms of some or all of the following: forms of government; economic prosperity; military might; cultural and scientific prowess, technological proficiency; scholarship, etc.
The dynasties stretching back to Ming of China
The Mayan and Aztec empires of the Americas
The kingdoms of Gao and Mwene Motapa of Africa
The Greek and the Roman empires of Europe
The Pharaonic Egyptian empires of Africa
Europe of the 19th and 20th centuries
The West and particularly the USA after the Second World War.
Implicit in this is an understanding of history as cyclical, as ever-evolving and not frozen in time, hence the concept of a renaissance, a rebirth, a return to greatness or simply the coming of a new age. In this context, it is possible to conceptualise a very different Africa, an Africa whose time has come … if we make it come.
An Africa that is more excited about its future than its past. An Africa whose scope for growth is limited only by it imagination. An Africa that has successfully translated its concepts of humanity and communal relations into vibrant forms of co-operative models of government, institutional and corporate relations. An Africa whose children are fed by native produce, its intellectuals nurtured by native founding principles and enquiry; its industry fuelled by native skills; its landscapes covered by native design and construction; its airwaves and print media dominated by issues of native concern and aspiration.
An Africa that redefines the term “emergent” from a notion of condescension and derision to being a term of vibrancy, technological prowess, awe and envy.
Africa has a date with destiny. These are some of the dimensions of that destiny. The eventuation of these aspects of Africa’s rebirth will be the realisation of the imperative of being African and robustly globally competitive.
Then we will be Africans who are masters of our own destiny
Africans who have a clear vision of the future
Africans who are known for what they stand for in the challenges that face humanity. Africans who are profoundly moral beings
Africans renowned for their integrity
Africans who are capable and competent in everything they undertake
Africans who take individual responsibility for their own actions
Africans who, when they look in the mirror, see the hand of God.
May I conclude by citing Frederick Douglas, an African-American thinker and leader who triumphed over slavery, on the cardinal imperative of self-determination: “Our destiny is largely in our hands. If we find, we shall have to seek. If we succeed in the race of life it must be by our own energies, and our own exertions. Others may clear the road, but we must go forward, or be left behind in the race of life. If we remain poor and dependant, the riches of other men (people) will not avail us. If we are ignorant, the intelligence of other men (people) will do but little for us. If we are foolish, the wisdom of other men (people) will not guide us, if we are wasteful of time and money, the economy of other men (people) will only make our destitution the more disgraceful and hurtful.”